An active oil system is recognized from the data in the Tengiz-Primorsky uplift zone of the southern edge of the Pre-Caspian Basin in stratigraphic ascending and structural traps of the Famennian carbonate reservoir. This area is considered one of the most high-yeilding gas provinces in Kazakhstan. However, the timing of the displacement and migration of hydrocarbons depending on the formation of traps remains unclear. To reduce this uncertainty, an attempt was made to analyze a cross-sectional model that takes into account seismic structural interpretation and data from the Ansagan 1 well to simulate history, temperature, sourcerock maturity and pressure regimes over geological time. The displacement of hydrocarbons from the original rocks and further HC migration were modeled using 2D reservoir fluid flow modeling based on the Darcy flow equation. The main blocks of the source rocks correspond to the Devonian complex with the influence of algal lipids or organic matter enriched in lipids (type I kerogen). The maturity trend increases from east to west due to higher burial.
The general objectives of this article were to set goals and determine the level of detalization of the research; selection and preparation of input data, filling the model with information, restoring the basin immersion history, calculating the thermal model, and determining the maturity of source deposits, calibrating the thermal model, calculating HC emigration; assessment of migration routes.