Portland cement is the most common cement used in oil and gas wells. However, when exposed to acid gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) under downhole wet conditions, it tends to degrade over a period of time. This paper describes the use of a proprietary novel CO2 and H2S resistant cement system to prevent degradation and provide assurance of long-term wellbore integrity.

The CO2-resistant cement was selected for use in one of the fields in Sultanate of Oman after a well reported over 7% CO2 gas production resulting in well integrity failure using conventional cements. The challenge intensified when the well design was modified by combining last two sections into one long horizontal section extending up to 1,600 m. The new proposed cement system was successfully laboratory- tested in a vigorous CO2 environment for an extended period under bottomhole conditions. Besides selecting the appropriate chemistry, proper placement supported by advanced cement job simulation software is critical for achieving long-term zonal isolation.

The well design called for a slim hole with 1,600 m of 4 ½-in liner in a 6-in horizontal section where equivalent circulating density (ECD) management was a major challenge. An advanced simulation software was used to optimize volumes, rheologies, pumping rates, and ECDs to achieve the desired top of cement. The study also considered a detailed torque and drag analysis in the horizontal section, and fit- for-purpose rotating-type centralizers were used to help achieve proper cement coverage.

To date, this cement system has been pumped in 32 wells, including 24 with 6-in slimhole horizontal sections with no reported failures.

The paper emphasizes the qualification and successful implementation of fit-for-purpose design of CO2- and H2S-resistant cement as well as optimized execution and placement procedures to achieve long-term zonal isolation and well integrity in a complex slimhole horizontal well design.

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