In order to run reservoir simulation efficiently, a coarse scale (CS) dynamic model is created by upscaling of a fine scale (FS) static model. All history match (HM) changes usually done in the CS dynamic model need to be downscaled to FS for geological justifications and consistency maintenance between the FS static and CS dynamic models. This paper proposes a robust downscaling method for integration of FS static and CS dynamic models. The proposed method downscales a HMDM (dynamic model) to HMSM (static) in multiple steps. Scale-up the ISM (initial) to CS to create an IDM. Identify the cell changes between HMDM and IDM, and transfer the changes to FS to create a MSM (modified). Scale-up the MSM to CS to create to a MDM and calculate the ratios between HMDM and MDM for all cell properties. Transfer the ratios to FS to create a HMSM. Scale-up the HMSM to CS to confirm its identity to the HMDM. Selection of sampling and zone mapping methods is critical in all steps. The proposed method has been successfully applied in a giant carbonate oil field in the Caspian Sea that consists of a matrix dominated platform and a fracture/karst dominated rim. Due to the field's complex geology and high H2S content (15%), a dual porosity, dual permeability compositional model has been created to model compositional sour crude flow within/between matrix and fracture/karst. The FS static model contains a 236m × 236m horizontal grid with 593 layers while the CS dynamic model has the horizontal cell sizes in a range of 236m to 944m with 73 layers. Rock regions, permeability, and reservoir connectivity in the CS dynamic model were calibrated using the field historical production data (e.g., static pressure, PLT, interference test, and GOR/water-cut data) to create a HMDM. Since the HM process was performed only in the CS dynamic model, the FS static model and HMDM became inconsistent. Appling the proposed downscaling method has helped the HM team to resolve this issue and resulted in a seamless link between the FS static and CS dynamic models for current and future HM and model updates.

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