For methods of thermal heavy oil recovery, an alternative approach of applying electrical energy, such as electromagnetic heating, can be used to generate heat in reservoirs that are not suitable for steam injection or to improve the economics and reduce environmental impact of the heavy oil recovery compared to using steam injection. While much progress in the development of electromagnetic heating technology has been made in recent years, the ability to accurately and effectively mathematically model the application of an electromagnetic heating process to a reservoir has been limited. In this paper, based on our reliable and efficient electromagnetic heating simulator, the effects of operational parameters on electromagnetic heating performance are investigated including evaluation of antenna location, well constraints, and applied power and frequency. The feasibility of electromagnetic heating in oil sands reservoirs has been examined for two cases: a) a single horizontal well containing a heating source and b) a horizontal well-pair with heating sources located in both wells.

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