Abstract

Controlling the steam channeling is a major challenge for increasing production in heavy oil reservoirs developed by steam injection. The conventional gel used in water flooding reservoirs always has poor heat resistance, so this paper proposed a novel high-temperature gel (HTG) blocking agent on the basis of a laboratory experimental study. The HTG consists of nonionic filler and unsaturated amide monomer with graft polymerization and crosslinking. The optimal gel system has a high gelling strength and controllable gelation time, which is achieved through incomplete orthogonal design method. Then the stability and plugging performance are studied through singular and parallel sand-pack experiments.

The results indicate that the HTG has strong salt resistance and dilution resistance. In addition, the HTG can still maintain high strength at 200°C for 72hr. The singular sand-pack experiments suggest that the HTG has good injectability that ensures the on-site construction safety. Moreover, the HTG has a high breakthrough pressure gradient after gelling and could keep the plugging ratio above 99.8% after gel breakthrough when the subsequent injected volume reaches 10PV. The results obtained in parallel sand-pack experiments show that the HTG can effectively plugging the steam channeling after injecting into the high permeability sand-pack from the production end, and force the subsequent steam to enter the low permeability sand-pack. That raises the producing degree of the low permeability sand-pack. Finally, the difference between high and low permeability sand-pack liquid production is reduced by 99.098%, indicating that the producing profile is tremendously improved, and the oil recovery is enhanced by 41.34%. As a result, the novel HTG blocking agent can be used to control the steam channeling in heavy oil reservoir.

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