As one of the major enhanced oil recovery mechanisms, chemical flooding procedure has been widely and successfully used in matured fields and the overall sweep efficiency has been improved between 5–12% due to various chemical flooding treatments. China National Offshore Oil Company (Cnooc) started its pilot offshore chemical flooding projects to evaluate the chemical flooding opportunities at early development phase. In this paper, we present numerical simulation studies on overall evaluation of a Cnooc’s offshore heavy oil chemical flooding project using chemical flooding simulator.
In the numerical simulation studies, we have developed a numerical model with the focus on various complex chemical flooding procedures. Moreover, we have also developed a dynamic well model that is capable of modeling multi-phase flow inside complex multi-lateral wellbores. An algebraic multi-grid linear solver has been developed and implemented into the simulator. As the simulator has been developed following the advanced software architecture design and it can be easily expanded other field applications.
The targeted field in this paper is an offshore heavy-oil field with hundreds of wells and a complex fault system. The production started in 1999, and waterflooding in 2000. In 2007, all water injectors have been switched to polymer injection for better conformance control. In this field-scale reservoir simulation study, the polymer solution, reservoir brine and the injected water are represented as miscible components of the aqueous phase. Key factors such as inaccessible pore volume, polymer shear thinning effect, polymer adsorption, and relative permeability reduction factors have been taken into account for the construction of the mathematical model. Simulations have been run for evaluation on optimal polymer injection timing, amount and pattern.