As it becomes necessary to drill long horizontal extended reach wells to reach out for thin oil rim reservoirs, it also has its own challenges. Usage of new technologies and their implementation in terms of cost efficiency and increased reservoir performance is the primary objective. While producing through horizontal wells there is always a possibility of breakthrough of unwanted water or gas compromising the production of oil and to some extent leaving some valuable oil reservers behind. The reason behind this is that the heel of the well produces at higher rate than the toe because toe has to overcome the frictional pressure losses due to increased pressure drop along the horizontal length of the well.
To tackle this problem Inflow Control Device (ICD) was introduced which will delay the early breakthrough of water or gas. There are different designs of ICDs available in the industry which significantly delays the breakthrough. Most ICDs provide flow restriction for the produced fluid to create uniform inflow profile along the entire length of the wellbore. However, due to uncertainties in reservoir properties there might be water or gas inflow through ICD and no existing ICDs can reverse this problem undermining the optimization of oil production.
This paper presents the design of Electrical Resistivity Autonomous Inflow Control Device (ER-AICD) that on a par with creating uniform inflow profile along the wellbore; it opens and closes the valve when there is oil, water or gas inflow correspondingly. The device will work on the principle of electrical resistivity of reservoir fluids, resulting in more flexibility in downhole operations and optimizing oil production as a whole.