Gas conductivities of narrow natural fractures in sandstone and chalk were measured under varying stress and pore pressure conditions and showed a decrease in conductivity with increasing net stress. Natural fractures in mudstones exhibited continuously decreasing conductivity upon application of stress, so that correlatable conductivity data could not be obtained. Effective-stress -law behavior for the sandstone and chalk fractures were examined, giving α values in the range of 0.8-1.06, where α is the parameter in the effective-stress law, σ - αP. The value of α for the fracture in chalk was nearly constant, but the values for the fracture in sandstone tended to decrease with increasing stress. Transition Reynold’s numbers and turbulence factors for flow through the chalk and sandstone fractures were determined, yielding turbulence factors ranging from 6.0-20xl06 ft-1 (2.0-6.6x10-5 cm-1) for differently stressed fractures. The entire flow behavior of these natural fractures, including conductivity, effective-stress law, and turbulence, is controlled by stress and pore pressure. As a result, pressure depletion during production will significantly change the productivity of a reservoir with similar natural fractures.

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