The harsh conditions presented in Brazilian presalt, summed up with the complexity of its reservoir, generate a series of challenges to improve reservoir recovery. Routinely, we have used intelligent completion systems to address the major part of the challenges; however, with the new production rates new problems have arrived and the usual ones have turned more aggressive, generating risks even to the intelligent completion systems.
Inorganic scale is a critical challenge in presalt reservoirs production. Future plans for presalt production include more robust flow conditions and the use of an all-electrical completion system. Higher flow rates are likely to increase the risk of scale deposition and an optimum design is required.
To address the new challenges arising from the new perspective of exploration in the presalt fields, we developed the presented workflow to mitigate the scale deposition on completion valves. The method enables the optimization of choke geometry to reduce scale deposition on inflow control valves. The proposed workflow generates a criticalness parameter for geometry classification according to a scenario of mechanical failure (due to sleeve incapacity to move) or deviation of production design point. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation was developed and benchmarked by experimental data, thus CFD results for different scenarios and various choke geometries were used to build a risk analysis matrix, which allows the definition of the optimal choke design to mitigate scale on ICVs. The extracted criticalness parameter may be used as an evaluator to estimate the time to valve stuck due to scale deposition in a commercial 1D transient flow simulator, optimizing then valve cycling time.