This paper presents a case study of fracture interaction mitigation in a multistage horizontal stimulation of an offshore Black Sea well. A multi-faceted approach in applying lessons learned and pre-job geo-mechanical analysis of depletion-induced stress differential and its effects on fracture interactions will be discussed. Details of on-the-job, real-time bottom-hole pressure monitoring of nearby wells, with the effort of on-the-fly pumping schedule changes, will also be provided.

An analysis was conducted on past fracture interactions observed from multistage stimulation jobs in the area. Depletion, distances between producing wells, and a stress analysis was performed using fracture simulation software, and a consequent analysis of fracture geometry was applied. A bottom-hole gauge pressure profile assessment of nearby wells, including the pre-stimulation, shut-in, and post-stimulation period of the targeted well, was completed. A redesigned treatment was applied, considering a mitigation plan for potential on-the-fly changes during pumping. A holistic tracer analysis of production contribution between stages and wells was performed, with the goal of understanding possible crossflow of production fluids.

Past-fracture interaction events have been analyzed, and clear drivers for fracture hit communication were observed. Extreme depletion effects were a primary factor in enabling fracture communication. The preferential fracture growth was further enabled owing to the continuous production of nearby wells and no shut-in implementation. The 3D geo-mechanical model was built using pertinent data from the targeted and nearby wells. The model was further optimized using fracture geometry outputs, and constraints were input to limit the fracture growth and avoid communication. The outcome of the analysis showed a clear driving force behind the interactions was depletion. An on-the-job assessment of diagnostic tests yielded a heterogeneous behavior of the horizontal segment, further proving stress differentials along the lateral. An overall chemical tracer analysis of the targeted and nearby wells was completed using pre- and post-stimulation fluid samples. The results were crucial in understanding the stimulation approach and possible crossflow effects due to fracture communication. Additionally, using bottom-hole temperature readings, a rudimentary cool-down and heat-back analysis was performed to better understand possible fluid interactions with nearby wells and optimize fluid design.

Intra-stage fracture interference presents unique events and challenges that are typically managed on a case-by-case basis, and this work presents the critical analyses that are paramount to planning stimulation treatments in highly depleted segments and reservoirs with wells in close proximity.

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