When a restriction or non-conformity presents itself in a well, quickly and reliably diagnosing the nature of the anomaly can save diagnostic runs and help prevent similar cases elsewhere, reducing nonproductive time and operating costs. Downhole X-ray diagnostics provide this understanding quickly and reliably under diverse well conditions that limit the effectiveness of other downhole diagnostic techniques. X-ray diagnostics produce real-time, quantitative two-dimensional images and three-dimensional reconstructions of downhole objects and obstructions with high precision. We demonstrate this with a case study in which X-ray diagnostics accurately identified and quantitatively characterized an obstruction due to liner deformation.

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