The microseismicity associated with hydraulic fracturing in unconventional reservoir (i.e. shale gas play) has been investigated in the past several decades. Few experimental studies with respect to the focal mechanism and stress inversion was conducted, especially for Glutenite reservoir. In this study, the glutenite core was taken from the underground of 2600 m. Next, we performed scaled hydraulic fracturing tests on the cubic core (50×50×50mm) under geological principle stress condition in true tri-axial stress cell. Meanwhile, we monitored wellbore and pore pressure, and micro-seismic events during the fracture propagation from six faces of the cubic rock. Micro-seismic survey and events were interpreted to identify the induced fractures distribution in three dimension. Source mechanism and stress inversion were analyzed by moment tensor decomposition.
The correlation of failure plane from microseismicity and tested sample implied that the microseismic events were accurately localized. The distribution of microseismic events from secondary and reopening tests indicated that the hydraulic fracturing induced microseismicity are mainly caused by significant tip effect (i.e. reactivate preexisting natural fractures). Based on source mechanism analysis, we found that the most of the failure are dominated by double-couple (DC). The correlation between original principle stress state and the one from STESI inversion indicated that the direction of principle stresses, especially for σ2 and σ3 inversed from reopening test, can be highly influenced by the hydraulic induced fracture or weak planes during secondary fracturing test.