Injection profile enhancement has been one of the primary objectives for an operator in Kuwait. Stimulation interventions in injector wells directly affect the enhancement of oil recovery in producer wells. This paper presents the application of a verifiable stimulation intervention in a water injector well to help achieve the operator's objectives.
The intervention presented several challenges. There was limited information available for the newly drilled carbonate formation under consideration in the Greater Burgan Field. Additionally, the fiberglass well tubing required significant attention before running in hole (RIH) with coiled tubing (CT). A high concentration of H2S was identified in Formation A; therefore, gas returns were also a potential issue. This paper discusses the methods used to help address these challenges. During this case study, real-time fiber-optic cable CT (RTFOCT) technology was applied in the fiberglass tubing injector well to determine initial well injection profile and adjust treatment accordingly. This technology includes a fiber-optic cable integrated into the CT pipe and a modular sensing bottomhole assembly (BHA).
RTFOCT technology allows for rigless operations and performs interval diagnostics, stimulation treatment, and evaluation in a single CT run. During this case study, the well injectivity increased by more than 100%. Diagnostics and evaluation were performed by analyzing the well thermal profile using fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing (DTS). The BHA helped ensure accurate fluid placement during the treatment using real-time pressure, temperature, and depth-correlation sensors. The RTFOCT technology provided real-time downhole information that was used to analyze reservoir parameters, help ensure accurate fluid placement, and enable quick and smart decisions regarding the stimulation treatment stages based on the fluid intake in different zones. During injection, the heterogeneous fluid flow became homogeneous along the interval confirmed with the thermal-hydraulic model (THM). This helped reliably complete the intervention operations and delay possible water breakthrough in the producer wells and extended reservoir recovery.