The lack of awareness on Industrial Hygiene among industries is one critical factor in their performance in this area. While industrialized nations like those in Europe and the United States may have a host of regulations in this aspect, others may have a few. In Malaysia, there are specific regulations pertaining to Industrial Hygiene for example that of Lead, Asbestos and Noise exposures and more recently in 2000, on all Chemical Hazardous to Health. More often than not, these regulation and guidelines are the only means of information on health hazards available to both employers and employees.

Informing workers on noise and chemical hazards may sound trivial. However, without effective communication on the implications of these regulations, and most importantly the effect these hazards have on their personal health, information is merely passed on but not internalised via behaviour, making it a futile attempt to safeguard the health of our workers, which may result in a serious decline in health of our current workforce, later, as a result of exposures to health hazards occurring.

Behavioural intervention attempts to influence workers' attitude, knowledge, beliefs, and hence behaviour. Such interventions include sharing information or carry out educational campaigns, skills training, risk communication, and/or behaviour modification techniques. Specific examples commonly used include training workers to wear personal protective equipment and implementing behaviour modification techniques such as giving positive feedback and incentives, targeted at changing individual health behaviour and to reduce the accompanying risks.

This study involves pre and post exposure monitoring of workers exposed to solvents plus observation of glove wearing, in this regards the behaviour intervention technique used was a one-on-one communication of the risk of the exposure to solvent of solvents via discussion and a take-home information leaflet. Effective communication is the key term and issue here. The right information must be given to the right people, in the right way. This paper demonstrates different reactions towards and different factors influencing effective communication as well as the means to maximise the outcome of health-risk communication.

You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.