G.J. Kreeft, SPE, IADC


This paper will examine to what extent policy convergence with relation to well control is occurring in Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. The inspiration of this comparative analysis is based on a panel discussion held at the IADC 1995 Asia Pacific Well Control Conference held in Jakarta, and for which the author was the moderator.

The study will examine present well control training, its development, and future institutional development in Indonesia, Malaysia. Thailand and Vietnam.

The development of well control training guidelines in the Asia-Pacific Region will also be examined in the context of international development, i.e. IADC's WellCAP programme, IWCF, and bilateral developments in Asian-Pacific countries.


The search for common European standards of training and certification dates back to the mid-1980s. A European Community working party, under the auspices of the European Commission's Safety and Health Commission for the Mining and other Extractive Industries (SHCMOEI) was set up to review the existing voluntary and statutory certification schemes, and training programmes at well control training schools across Europe.

The working party's recommendations included the introduction of a general syllabus of training, and suggestions for testing methods and certification of drillers and drilling supervisors. In 1989, the European Well Control Forum (EWCF) was formed with a wide range of industry representatives from most of the European Union countries including UK, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, France, and Italy. Key drivers included the International Association of Drilling Contractors and its drilling contractor members, oil companies, training schools of the various EU countries who also represented their industry and indirectly the various regulatory bodies who were kept informed of EWCF's progress.

In 1993, EWCF started implementing its programme with certification on a European- wide scale for supervisory (toolpusher, operator's representative) and non-supervisory (driller) personnel. This itself was an enormous step forward given that well control certification in Europe was a Joseph's coat of many colours:

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