Properly distributing injected fluid to provide injection conformance and reservoir pressure support into the respective zones of interest in mature fields can be challenging. This challenge, with injection fluid distribution, is typically encountered in fields with high contrast in permeability, reservoir pressure, and injectivity indexes among individual zones.
Deployment of intelligent completion (IC) technology to address this challenge has rapidly increased, especially in multi-zone water injector wells, due to its capabilities for real-time reservoir monitoring and control of the fluid injected into multiple zones without requiring well interventions. This paper presents a case study of successful installation of IC technology in two water injector wells in Field B offshore Sarawak. The main objective of the IC implementation is to provide an efficient water-injection method for pressure support to the nearby oil producers and counteract the gas expansion through water injection at the flank area. Water injection implementation using the IC approach can further develop the oil rims and improve oil recovery in the particular reservoir to extend the field's production life.
The custom tailored inflow control valve (ICV) design is robust enough to provide control of desired zonal injection rates. Each well was installed with two sets of ICVs to control the injection rate for each dedicated zone as well as a real-time permanent downhole gauge (PDG) to monitor the pressure drop across the ICV for zonal rates allocation / analysis. Apart from conceptual and detailed engineering study of the applied IC technology, proper downhole equipment selection and integration with surface facilities are also crucial to ensure successful implementation of the IC system as a holistic solution to achieve the injection objective.
Post well completion installation, a water injectivity test was performed in both the selective and commingle injection modes. During selective injection testing, different positions of the ICV were manipulated and the water injection rate was monitored. This testing approach was performed for each ICV in the well. Post selective injection testing, commingle testing was conducted at the base 9,000 bwpd and maximum injection target of 18,000 bwpd, in which the testing was successfully executed to achieve the maximum well target injection rate.
This paper shall discuss the reservoir management strategy through deployment of the water injectors, conceptual well completion design, and multi-zone injectivity requirements. Details such as ICV design using pre-drill and post-drill information, final well completion strategy, pre-installation preparation, installation optimization, execution of the IC deployment, injectivity test procedure, and results are discussed as well.