Cuttings data has always been neglected or forgotten as a source of information by many operators. In some areas, it is even common practice to throw away cuttings in order to reduce cost. However, cuttings data can yield a great amout of information to provide great value and support to drilling operations, as well as reduce potential downhole risks. This was evident in wells drilled in remote Western regions of China, where wells typically have high temperature high pressure (HTHP) formations with a true vertical depth ranging between 4000-7000 meters and target formation temperature between 150-160 degrees Celcius.

Due to severe drilling conditions, the measurement tools of Logging While Drilling (LWD) and Measured While Drilling (MWD) are at high risk of running into holes. Even due to the high formations’ temperatures is over the bottom line of LWD and MWD tools, the sensors of LWD and MWD cannot work efficiently in such circumstances, increasing the drilling risk and expense. Thus, "blind" drilling is the most reasonable economical choice for local operators. Without sufficient real-time formations’ information, the drilling uncertainties dramatically increase. The fluid loss, pipe stuck, as well as drilling bit damages frequently occur. Currently, there is no successful well that accesses to the target reservoir. The data from the wireline logs and cores cannot be available, as the well is the first exploration well in the block; however, during drilling, only drill cuttings are available for peoples.

The creative cutting-based petrophysics models are built for the formation analysis that is able to provide rock density, cuttings gamma, Delta Time of Compressional Acoustic (DTC), Unconfined Compressional Strength (UCS) Index, Caliper Index, Brittleness Index, and Hydrocarbon Index from the cuttings samples at the wellsite on a near-real-time basis. This data can help people quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate the downhole formations on a near-real-time basis and can help people to make a more reasonable decision, and therefore, reduce the drilling risk within a controlled level. The authors provide the several cases to study the cutting models into drilling events, and proves the models are consistent with log and core data, and match the drilling parameters and like ROP, and pumping pressure, as well as torque, and bit performance. LWD and MWD are unable to run into the hole due to high formation pressure and extreme risky hole. The field portable XRF instrument is applied, and the mineralogy and elements input into the models. The cuttings petrophysics analysis application can provide the valuable information for drilling engineers to drill the wells to TD.

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