Since the development of the drilling industry the process has culminated in using shaker screens as the primary or only device for removing drill solids from the drilling fluid. Therefore it is necessary to optimize both filtration efficiency as well as the screen life to hinder drilled solids entering the drilling fluid. Optimum solids control can be obtained by using the understanding on how damage of the filtration cloth arises, on how to reduce it and finally on how the particles in the circulation system influence the general picture of the drilling process. When this knowledge is accepted in the industry, established and implemented in the drilling organisation; it is possible to maintain proper drilling.
This paper describes in detail the theory and field examples on how wear arise on the shaker screen cloth. As will be shown, this knowledge has been used to increase the solids control efficiency at the same time as the screen wear has been reduced by more than 90 % in field cases were 17 ½" sections have been drilled with OBMs. The documentation is based on practical offshore result from these drilling operations including data from the drilling log, laboratory analyses of the drilling fluid and of the Particle Size Distribution (PSD) of the drilling fluid. The particular focus of this article is the application of double deck shakers.