With exploration moving into deeper waters, deserts and plateaus, operators and contractors will continue to face complex technical and financial challenges. After various advantages of slim-hole drilling, especially great reduce of cost, are well known, slim-hole drilling has become an important technology and been applied extensively. However, existing three-cone bits and PDC bits can not satisfy the requirements of slim-hole drilling owing to limited structure and short life. So, Southwest Petroleum University (SWPU) has developed a new slim-hole bit, named disc one-cone bit, which combines one-cone bit with disc bit. This new bit will have expansive application prospect in deep drilling, ultradeep drilling and slim-hole drilling because of its less torsion, higher bottom-hole coverage coefficient and longer bearing life.
During the development of new disc one-cone bit, it is very important to ascertain the arrangement and the structural size of disc tooth reasonably according to its rock-breaking mechanism. However, the factors to affect bit rock-breaking efficiency are more and restrict each other. If laboratory experiment is carried out to research a kind of new bit, it will be long period, much cost and only under very simplified conditions. Therefore, computer simulation has important technical and economic value during studying the new bit. This paper discusses rock-breaking mechanism and kinematics simulation researches of disc one-cone bit emphatically.