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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the SPE Arctic and Extreme Environments Technical Conference and Exhibition, October 15–17, 2013
Paper Number: SPE-166881-MS
... to trench bottom irregularities during installation, the tendency of the axial force near the high points of these trench irregularities will be to buckle the pipeline upward. If the upward force exceeds the downward force due to the combination of the resistance of the soil cover, the pipeline stiffness...

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