This paper presents lessons learned from recent case studies in Alaska and Greenland, and examines the steps for a successful social engagement and impact assessment strategy. These steps can be used to conduct impact assessment in Arctic conditions. The integrated approach presented herein complies with national and international guidelines, and addresses public expectation. Changing climate, improved technology and the demand for energy have ignited interest in Arctic oil and gas resources. Industry is challenged to address ecological risks, climate change, cumulative effects, impacts on subsistence, and community concerns through a successful impact assessment process. As a key requirement of national regulators, international finance institutions and other socially responsible investors, impact assessment sets the foundation for effective management of environmental and social performance. What defines successful impact assessment and social engagement in Arctic communities where there may be many uncertainties? An integrated approach recognizing the interdependence of society and the environment is paramount for facilitating an effective stakeholder engagement and impact assessment process.

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