Reservoir simulation models aim to reproduce at well, sector and field level the pressure and production behavior observed in the historical data. The size and resolution of the models are essentially capped by the computational resources as the numerical computations are quite complex and hardware demanding. For this reason, the use of simulation models to understand inter-field communications at regional level have been always a challenge, rarely pursued, referring those analyses to simple material balance to evaluate influxes, lacking lateral vectors to identify where volumes are coming from, especially on cases of multiple field interactions. The work presented in this paper illustrates the value of merging existing field level simulations models into a large scale regional simulation grids, in order to understand pressure disturbances observed in multiple fields Offshore Abu Dhabi.
The process of merging simulation models represents a big challenge considering the high variety of approaches used in the original models, different geology complexity, fluid characteristics, different depletion regimes and field development strategies. In this study, thousands of wells, 6 structures with different fluid and equilibrium regions were used to build the biggest reservoir simulation model in Abu Dhabi. The integration of the data pursues the replication of the existing static and dynamic models, addressing in parallel lateral and vertical upscaling issues when moving from very fine into coarser grids. Implications on the change of scale on the repeatability of the HCIIP volumes and the impact of pseudo relative permeability curves on the history match were carefully analyzed during the process. Evaluation of the impact of the simplifications over the overall quality of the model was of paramount importance, interrogating whether the simplifications affects the capability of the model for assessing the pressure communication and influxes among the fields.
The regional simulation model allowed to understand the effects of the peripheral water injection of a giant field on the nearby satellite fields, also the effects of these interactions on the pressure and oil saturation changes through time. Fields and Structures separated way far (20 and 40 Km away) can eventually see pressure disturbances after very long periods of time (up to 300 psi in couple of decades in some cases). Although evidences for changes in pressure are very clear and supported by RFT/MDT time lapsed data, the work also proved that changes on saturations are not very evident or can be considered very marginal on fields separated by large distances.
This work represents an alternative and more accurate approach for evaluating nearby field communications and to quantify the boundary conditions to restore models at original stage before nearby interferences, allowing proper initialization of the fine scaled simulation models on pre-production status.