Matrix acidizing is one of the most common well stimulation methods in Malaysian brown fields. Formation damage caused by fines migration has been reported to be among the main reason for productivity decline. The need to conduct acid stimulation arises when the initial rates of the wells are below expectation or when the productivity of the reservoir drops significantly. Various mud acid formulations have been used to treat the wells from the past until recent years. However, some well treatments resulted in low success rate especially for reservoirs with vast variation and complex formation mineralogy. This highlights the need for modified acid recipe from the conventional mud acid system. Mud acid systems are often highly corrosive, resulted in unwanted secondary precipitation and require multiple additives during the treatment.
This paper highlights the evaluation and comparison of the novel Modified HF acid against conventional mud acid system through core flooding tests. Multiple cores with various mineralogy were tested. The laboratory test showed that the Modified HF acid system able to generate better permeability improvement compared to mud acid systems. The modified acid recipe gradually sequestrates the major iron minerals throughout the injection to avoid unwanted secondary or tertiary precipitation that could damage the formation. Subsequently, the chemical was successfully piloted in two fields and replicated in other fields across Malaysia. The field applications proved that the novel Modified HF acid system generated outstanding results in production gain and improved the total economics of the project. The novel acid recipe can be an alternative solution when simpler acid systems are favored with lower treatment cost. This chemical is also beneficial for wells that located in small platforms or jackets where minimal amount footprint is available during job execution.