Wrench fault system is the predominant regime of Abu Dhabi tectonics and their related damage zones influences the stresses between the fault segments and hence representing the main controlling factors in field development of hydrocarbon.
The strike-slip structures are related to the activation of sinistral strike-slip shear zones oriented N75°W, which initially inherited in the Arabian Plate craton and activated trough the geologic time. The main reactivation happened with the Late Jurassic- Middle Cretaceous and then by the Paleocene and finally by Late Miocene. These reactivations accompanied with block rotation of the stress tensors from NE-SW to NW-SE and finally by NE-SW respectively. The identification of transpressive and transtensional structures are the main concept of locating the hydrocarbon provinces.
During the transpressive stage, sinistral transcurrent movements along the Abu Dhabi Shear Zones led to the activation of a multiple set of parallel sinistral faults, conjugate and antithetic to the master fault. The activation of these structures determined a deformation by block rotation that provoked an overall anticlockwise rotation of (N150° to N120°) of 30°.
The data show how the rotations occurred might be caused by the activation of multiple strike-slip fault sets and that the rotational mechanism around vertical axes is connected to transpressive tectonics. The use of kinematic and geomechanical models allow quantification of the blocks rotation due to the combined action of multiple sets of strike-slip faults with modest displacements and to demonstrate that the rotation of blocks and their lateral movement constitute two different, contemporaneous expressions of a single deformational event. A systematic classification of the rotational zones and their influences on reservoir behavior was addressed.
Classification of stressed zones favoring reactivation based on their location relative to fault segments growth. Therefore, development of structures were combined with fluid flow in/between fault segments to characterize placing wells for an effective field development plan.