Abstract

The present oil industry is more challenged than ever to develop novel methods for oil exploration and production, while reducing costs at the same time. This necessity changes the need of logging tools for reservoir characterization. Saturation height modeling (SHM) is an important aspect of determining the production capability of an oilfield. This is often performed by taking core samples, which is pivotal for such analysis, but expensive and challenging. Further, cores are usually taken in the zones of interests in the well. This calls for an alternate analysis, which is not only available for the entire interval of the well but is also less expensive than the traditional coring techniques.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) applications have proved promising over the years to perform SHM, without using cores. NMR, however, has a shallow depth of investigation and using wireline measurements is even more challenging due to longer time after bit and increased mud filtrate invasion. Consequently, its use is restricted to quantifying porosity. This makes it imperative to remove the effect of any filtrate or hydrocarbons from NMR logs to be able to use them for any advance analysis.

A novel methodology is presented in this paper to perform SHM analysis in carbonates. It uses NMR data along with modern processing techniques like factor analysis (Jain et al. 2013) and fluid substitution (Minh et al. 2016) and integrated workflow to define hydrocarbon uncontaminated pseudo capillary pressure curves and saturation height functions for different rock facies observed in the formation. The results are validated on five wells in the same field, and further confirmation is also done with testing results.

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