Dealing with tight high pressure/high temperature (HPHT) sour gas reservoirs encounters many challenges. One challenge associated with these reservoirs is the development of hard and heavy scale mixture in the production tubing, causing flow and accessibility restrictions. To restore full accessibility, a mechanical de-scaling operations using special milling and cleanout assemblies is the best current solution to this problem, due to the fact that chemical dissolving methods do not deliver the desired results. Another challenge is conventional perforation in some tight wells gives limited penetration, which does not establish the required wellbore reservoir communication. In this case, utilizing the abrasive jetting tool will offer the best solution to overcome the casing string, cement, formation damage achieve optimum penetration which will optimize the stimulation design and enhance the well productivity.
In recent years, using coiled tubing (CT) equipped with fiber optics with aforementioned coil tubing intervention operations, have become a common practice in gas wells. Using this system provides the ability to acquire on-job real time data such as pressure, temperature and gamma ray depth correlation. Furthermore, the incorporation of a new rugged fiber optics system into the intervention strategy has enabled increasing operational success rate and results in robust control on the operation parameters, minimizing the risk of gas influx, reducing coil tubing runs and improving decision making process during the operations.
This paper describes the challenges in mechanical de-scaling and slot cuttings operations, overview of different applications using CT with fiber optics system, provides a comparison between the rugged and standard fiber optics systems and lessons learned of recent implementation of the rugged CT fiber optic system.