After fracture treatment in unconventional reservoirs, the in-situ stress and fluid pressure are greatly changed in the reservoir because of the generation of fracture networks. In order to get high production, efforts are made to get close fracture spacing and long fracture length in-situ field, which in turn make fracture distribution become complicated as the range of fractures size and density is widespread.
In this work, the finite element method is used to analysis flowback around hydraulic fracture among complex fractures networks, which consider the coupled effects of flow and geomechanics.
The reservoir is assumed to be a 3-D poroelastic medium. According to the fracture sizes, the fracture is divided into three types. These small natural fractures are treated as SRV regions, hydraulic fractures, natural fracture in middle and large sizes are explicitly represented using LGR. Finite element method simulates fracture deformation and the two-phase fluid flow in the reservoir during flowback stage. The physical properties are altered by the coupled flow and geomechanics in the reservoir.
The fluid pressure, stress and flowback production over time around these fractures are recorded. The results show that during the flowback period, the production experience a sharp decrease. The porosity and permeability in the reservoir are greatly reduced because of the coupled effects. These explicit natural fractures influence the hydraulic fractures. As the hydraulic fracture spacing reduced, the stress shadow effects become more serious and the flowback production decreases.
This work helps understand the flowback analysis with coupled geomechanics and flow effects in the complex fracture networks in the unconventional reservoirs and physical properties effects in different reservoir conditions.