Eni has more than 40 years' experience on developing and managing sour hydrocarbons Projects. That has allowed to build up in Eni a specific knowhow, which is continuously improving and updating through operational activities on assets with an high concentration of H2S in the process fluids such as Karachaganak and Kashagan in Kazakhstan, COVA in Southern Italy and the more recent Zohr facilities in Egypt.
The Eni's acquired knowledge in running sour hydrocarbon assets, both offshore and onshore, has been founded on a robust risk based approach. Since the project start, risk assessments such as blowout study, Quantitative Risk Assessment, Emergency Escape Rescue Analysis, etc. results are considered the pillars for the proper design, construction, commissioning, start-up and operations phases. Specifically, SIMOPS/CONOPS methodologies and procedures and their applications in sour operational contexts are defined for managing sour hydrocarbons assets and activities.