One of the PDO’s largest producing field with vertically stacked carbonate reservoirs gas from shallower Natih Formation, and produces oil from lower Shuaiba formation with waterflood recovery. Natih formation is a highly compacting formation characterized using rock mechanics laboratory measurements. Currently there are more than 500 Shuiaba wells that are active, which penetrate through the highly compacting Natih Layer above. Reservoir compaction of Natih A has induced damage to several wells most likely due to compression and buckling of the casing within the production interval. The field has obeservations to well integrity and impact to production performation related to the casing deformation resulting from the compaction.
The well Integrity issues for Shuaiba wells are being resolved with work over operations, repairs. In few severe cases, it was required to abandon the well. All of these issues impact operational expenditure and production (loss and/or deferment). Risk assessment for wells with future depletion (or time) can provide input to manage the risk, plan adequate mitigations and capture the impact in the future drilling campaigns for well stock. To do so it was important to identify and quantify well counts, which have high potential to have well integrity issues or risk of failure
In the studied field, subsurface compaction is being monitored/measured since 2000, using Compaction Monitoring Instrument (CMI) that measures compaction between preplaced radioactive markers in the formation and the casing in five CMI monitoring wells. Data of CMI compaction log, historical well failures, spatial well locations, rock mechanics measurements was integrated to quantify risk of expected well failures in future. The results from the CMI logging showed that the compation in the entire reservoir interval is not uniform and upper layers in the reservoir intervals were subjected to very high compaction strains compared to lower layers. The Uniaxial Pore Volume Compressibility (UPVC)) coupled with analysis of CMI data provides a forecast for maximum compaction strain in the upper reservoir layers up to 5 % at abandonment pressure.
The analysis of reported/observed well failures reveals that approximately 77% of the impacted wells were during 1971-2000. Using these inputs a risk assessment matrix for well failures was developed, which provided potential wells with high risk of failure/well integrity issues, which accounted to about 34% (~ 85 wells) of the active wells. Results of this study provided input to capture in the development plans and build adequate mitigations to help minimize production loss/deferment