The recovery from fractured reservoirs is usually low. The areal heterogeneity is one result of the fractured reservoir. Low-salinity waterflooding (LSWF) and preformed particle gel (PPG) have recently investigated by some reserchers. The main objective of this study was to determine whether the combining technologies can improve conformance control in fractured sandstone reservoirs. Semi-transparent five-spot models made of sandstone cores and acrylic plates were built. The effect of low-salinity waterflooding on oil recovery was studied. Models were designed with three parallel open fractures. Sodium chloride (1.0, 0.1, 0.01, and 0.001 wt. % NaCl) were used for brine flooding and 1.0 wt. % NaCl for preparing swollen PPG. Two microgel concentrations, 2000 PPM and 5000 PPM, with 850 micrometer particle size were used. Three cycles of low-salinity water were injected after the second conventional brine injection was completed. Oil recovery factor, water cut, injection pressure, microgel extruded pressure, fracture pressure (Pf), monitoring pressure (P1 and P2), and water residual resistance (Frrw) were measured. The interwell connectivity also was investigated. Laboratory experiments showed that the oil recovery factor, injection pressure, and the Frrw increased when the concentration of injected brine changed from conventional salinity to low salinity and the areal sweep efficiency was improved. The tortuous wormholes resulted highrer oil recovery than the straight wormholes and the oil recovery decreased as number of fratures and fracture width increased. The microgel concentration had a signicicant effect on plugging effeciecny; therefore, the 5000 PPM Microgel showed higher plugging efficiency than 2000 PPM. The result showed the interwell connectivity between the injector and producer decreased when low salinity waterflooding applied and increased the interwell connectivity between the injector and the monitoring points. The plugging efficiency, stabilized injection pressure, fracture pressure, monitoring pressure, and water residual resistance factor—all increased when the salinity of injected water decreased. Furthermore, the microgel strength decreased as brine concentration decreased. However, lower salinity water caused the incremental oil recovery factor to increase. Thus, there is a limitation in increasing the plugging efficiency under low salinity water. This limitation occurred when the brine injection pressure was less than the PPG’s extruded pressure. Combining two different EOR technologies can improve displacement and sweep efficiency and, in turn, enhance conformance control.

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