Seismic data offer valuable spatial information that contributes to the development strategy, such as drilling decisions and well planning. Inverting 3D seismic reflectivity data to impedance unlocks the potential of using seismic data to estimate the lateral variability and to predict reservoir geomechanical behaviour. The geomechanical model contributes for the evaluation of wellbore stability, frackability and drilling direction. The objective of this work is to illustrate the use of seismic derived models for reservoir and geomechanical properties, such as total porosity, total organic carbon (TOC) and rock rigidity. These properties are instrumental to characterize tight reservoirs and useful tools for defining a horizontal well trajectory.
The study area has an exploration potential of unconventional reservoirs, targeting tight carbonates from Upper Jurassic. To date, only one well has been drilled in the area of the interest and high quality 3D seismic data is available. The process consists of conducting seismic inversion, using the well and the 3D PSTM seismic data, and resulting in the generation of 3D subsurface impedance model. The well-log relationships between impedance and reservoir quality (effective porosity, source richness) and completion quality (brittleness) were determined and showed high correlation. Hence, 3D rock quality and geomechanical volumes were derived to characterize the behaviour of the reservoir target.
Seismic derived properties models yield a better description of the reservoir heterogeneity than using seismic reflectivity data only. The horizontal well trajectory was planned taking into account the observed and significant lateral variability revealed by the 3D models estimated based on seismic inverted data.
The results obtained using this methodology demonstrate the importance of integrating geophysical characterisation as a relevant supporting factor in the drilling decision making process. In particular, it validates the use of seismic derived reservoir and completion quality models as an additional tool in the definition of a horizontal well trajectory in a tight/unconventional deep gas target.