In today's drive to improve well production and performance, more innovative methods are continually being implemented to enhance well productivity and reservoir management. By increasing reservoir contact and applying fit for purpose technologies, increased production can be attained at lower drawdown. This can be accomplished by the effective implementation of multilaterals wells. In multilateral wells equipped with active downhole control valves and downhole measurement-devices, monitoring and managing the production from each lateral is achievable. These capabilities will enhance well performance and allow better sweep; hence better recovery.
This paper describes the design, completion, commissioning, and operational experience of the world's first well equipped with intelligent completion combined with fiber-optic monitoring capabilities. Well-A is a trilateral MRC well with more than 5 km of total reservoir contact. The monitoring system for each lateral includes an optical flowmeter and pressure and temperature gauge. The readings of the flowmeter were compared to the readings against the conventional testing facilities. Production tests were conducted with various combinations of downhole valve positions for each of the three laterals to determine the optimum combination. The pressure and temperature gauges yielded excellent measurements as they were verified against conventional pressure and temperature measurements. The downhole flow rate measurements were assessed against conventional rate measurements and demonstrated acceptable results across most downhole valve positions. A comprehensive review was conducted on the optical flow meter capabilities to provide better understanding; hence, facilitate further enhancement to the technology and better production optimization capabilities. The review was utilized to develop a new system that provides better capabilities across all valves positions.
The adoption rate of optical sensing technology for in-well permanent monitoring has accelerated dramatically since it was first introduced more than a decade ago. Today, most of the common electronic-based technology measurements for in-well permanent reservoir monitoring have a commercially available optical equivalent; such as pressure, temperature, seismic, and flowmeters. In fact, optical monitoring has exceeded the functionalities of conventional downhole measurement devices. The new fiber-optic devices provide various measurement capabilities such as Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS), Array Temperature Sensing (ATS), and non-intrusive single and multiphase flowmeters.