The methodology presented in this work considers an impact’s available kinetic energy as balanced by the ice crushing energy as well as the structural deformation energy. The algorithm re-calculates the kinetic energy iteratively by subtracting the energy lost to structural deformation and ice crushing at specified time-intervals. The updated kinetic energy is then used to determine the current impact speed, which controls the indentation rate of ice on the structure. The result is a contactless ice load model which is intrinsically coupled to structural deformation. Accounting for structural deformation energy is important for overload of Polar Class ships, as well as any ice impact for non-ice class ships.

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