This paper presents research underway at the University of Strathclyde's Maritime Safety Research Centre (MSRC) from the author's PhD program. The paper summarizes the development of the current International Maritime Organization's (IMO) approach to implementing a Safety Management System (SMS), looks at rail and airline industry's current approaches to SMSs and then proposes a new framework for maritime implementation. The focus is on integrating a more holistic (Enterprise) risk management process into the SMS. This proposed integration is modelled using Dr. Nancy Leveson's (MIT) System-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA). The preliminary results are presented along with the corresponding requirements that the SMS must address.

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