The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the recent North American Emission Control Area Regulations imposed by the International Marine Organization amendment to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL, Annex VI) in 2010, focusing on how organizations, like the United States Environmental Protection Agency have contributed to their implementation. Furthermore it examines the prospect of liquefied natural gas, potentially becoming “a fuel of the future for the shipping industry” and attempts to answer whether LNG fuels offer a viable alternative solution for the shipping industry, illustrating the pros and cons, while focusing on issues of bunker supply and demand and future global implications.

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