In complex production and maintenance environments, such as ship production, the method of allocating resources and managing other constraints significantly affects the efficiency of progress as well as the overall project duration. Resources include human resources, equipment resources and physical-space resources. Due to the inherent complexity of resource allocation and constraint management for such complex production and maintenance environments, the project durations can be two-times, or more, longer than needed. Unfortunately, most commercial project management software does not benefit from such intelligent scheduling technology. Software that does not leverage intelligent scheduling may also determine incorrect critical resources. A resource is critical if the project duration would be shorter if more of that resource were available. So not using intelligent scheduling will result in longer than necessary schedules and might direct users in the wrong direction per critical resources, thus leading to wasteful acquisition of more resources to shorten the schedule when this is an option.

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