The U.S. Navy is tasked within a constrained budget with fulfilling its missions in an environment of evolving threats and a corresponding rapidly evolving mission system technology base. Modular Adaptable Ship (MAS) technologies enable the affordable transformation of a ship over its service life to maintain military relevance. The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Navy, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.

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