Aeroelastic responses of 3-dimensional flexible sails are investigated by means of numerical simulations. An incremental finite displacement theory using the Finite Element Method is adopted to describe the structural behavior of the sail. A modified Vortex Lattice Method is used to calculate the aerodynamic pressures on the sail. Combining these two methods, the structural and aerodynamic responses of the sail are solved simultaneously. Numerical simulations are performed for actual 3- dimensional sails. Deformations and stresses of the sail in steady flow are calculated. Unsteady sail dynamics are also investigated in the case where the sailing vessel is pitching and rolling in a seaway. The effects of the flexibility of the sail upon the lift, induced drag and the center of effort are clarified.
Numerical Approach to Aeroelastic Responses of Three-Dimensional Flexible Sails
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Fukasawa, Toichi, and Masanobu Katori. "Numerical Approach to Aeroelastic Responses of Three-Dimensional Flexible Sails" Paper presented at the SNAME 11th Chesapeake Sailing Yacht Symposium, Annapolis, Maryland, USA, January 1993. doi: https://doi.org/10.5957/CSYS-1993-012
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