The main results of a two-year project aimed at comparing full-scale tests, wind tunnel tests, and numerical analysis predictions are presented. Pressure measurements were obtained from both full-scale tests and wind-tunnel tests, in upwind and downwind conditions. The upwind wind tunnel test condition was modelled using a Vortex Lattice code, while the downwind wind-tunnel test was modelled using a Navier-Stokes code. The pressures obtained from the three different methods are compared on three horizontal sections of the headsail, mainsail, and asymmetric spinnaker. In general the pressures from the three experiments showed good agreement. In particular, very good agreement was obtained between the numerical computations and the wind tunnel test results. Conversely, the results from the downwind full-scale pressure measurements showed less similarity due to a slightly tightened trim being used for the spinnaker in the on-water tests. Full-scale tests allow the action of unsteadiness due to the wind, wave and yacht movements to affect the results. This unstable environment caused the asymmetric spinnaker to move around, and a tightened trim was required to prevent the spinnaker from collapsing.
Pressure Distributions on Sails Investigated Using Three Methods: On-Water Measurements, Wind-Tunnel Measurements, and Computational Fluid Dynamics
Viola, Ignazio Maria, and Richard G. J. Flay. "Pressure Distributions on Sails Investigated Using Three Methods: On-Water Measurements, Wind-Tunnel Measurements, and Computational Fluid Dynamics." Paper presented at the SNAME 20th Chesapeake Sailing Yacht Symposium, Annapolis, Maryland, USA, March 2011. doi: https://doi.org/10.5957/CSYS-2011-004
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