Preformed particle gels (PPGs) are 3D, crosslinked, dried polymer particles that can swell to several hundred times on contact with formation water. PPGs have been used extensively to control water production problems in reservoirs with conformance problems. The current state-of-the-art PPGs are polyacrylamide-based hydrogel compositions which lack long-term thermal stability under high-temperature and -salinity conditions. There are many oil reservoirs across the globe exhibiting conditions of temperatures higher than 120°C with high salinity. A novel ultrahigh-temperature-resistant PPG composition (DMA-SSS PPG) was designed to fill up the technology gap between existing polyacrylamide-based PPG technology that degrades readily over 110°C temperatures. DMA-SSS PPG exhibited excellent thermal stability for greater than 18 months in North Sea formation and formation water environments at 130°C. DMA-SSS PPG described herein showed swelling capacities of up to 30 times in different salinity North Sea brines. DMA-SSS PPG’s physiochemical properties like swelling, swelling rate, and rheological behavior were studied as a function of temperature and salinity. DMA-SSS PPGs showed excellent elastic modulus (G’) of about 3200 Pa in formation water of 90% water content. Thermostability of DMA-SSS PPGs was assessed at 130 and 150°C in North Sea brines with different salinity conditions. DMA-SSS PPGs proved to be stable for more than 18 months without losing molecular integrity. Thermostability was further confirmed through different metrics such as cross-polarization magic angle spinning carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (CPMAS 13C NMR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and morphology. Laboratory coreflood experiments were performed to demonstrate the plugging efficiency of open fractures and effectiveness in reducing the permeability. DMA-SSS PPG comprehensive evaluation confirms its novelty for excellent hydrothermal stability, thus can be used to control water production problems for mature reservoirs exhibiting conditions of high salinity and high temperature.

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