In the Roman town of Carnuntum 40 km south-east of Vienna (Austria) the unique discovery of a school of gladiators was made using a multi-disciplinary approach based on high-resolution near-surface geophysical prospection. The outstandingly well preserved architecture was revealed through non-invasive mapping using latest highly efficient multichannel ground penetrating radar systems. Foundations of a building complex including a circular training arena surrounded by wooden stands, the gladiator's living quarters, practice fields and an associated cemetery were mapped in unprecedented detail. In this paper, state-of-the-art near-surface geophysical prospection involving large-scale data acquisition, precise real-time positioning, and efficient data processing followed by detailed geophysical and archaeological interpretation is presented.

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