In chalk reservoirs such as the Ekofisk Field, fluid flow and geomechanical effects combine to change both the location and properties of the reservoir and overburden. Pore pressure and fluid saturation changes cause reservoir compaction and perturb the elastic properties of the reservoir rocks. The overburden responds to the compaction with piston-like seafloor subsidence and length changes (strains). These overburden strains change the seismic velocity. The resulting velocity changes are observed on time-lapse seismic data as time-shifts that accumulate though the overburden.
These processes are being monitored by GPS surveys of the production facilities, repeat logging of radioactive marker bullets, repeat bathymetry surveys, core sample analysis, and time lapse seismic data. The goal of this paper is to combine these measurements to better understand the relationship between overburden strains, changes in overburden velocity, and resulting time-lapse time-shifts.