At present water supplies originate from underground resources, which are easily accessible as they are located at shallow depths in close proximity to consumer zones. This type of exploitation has reached its limitations over the last few years, in terms of quantity and quality, and has required the need for expensive wastewater treatment. In such circumstances, the utility companies are required to safeguard the resource currently being exploited or search for replacement aquifers.

This content is only available via PDF.
You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.