This paper describes the study of dissolution and mineralogical alteration caused by saline carbonated water injection (CWI) and its effects on the petrophysical properties (porosity and permeability) of limestone samples from the Mupe Member, composed of lacustrine microbialites from the Upper Jurassic, part of the Purbeck Group lower portion. These limestones are a partial analog of the Brazilian presalt Aptian carbonates, the most important oil reservoir in Brazil. These reservoirs present large amounts of CO2 that are reinjected into the formation, which given the high reactivity of carbonate rocks in the presence of carbonic acid generated by the reaction between CO2 and water, can cause damage to the rock’s pore space. To achieve the proposed objectives, four laminated/massive samples with very low permeability (<5 md) and two vuggy/microbial samples with very high permeability (>1,700 md) underwent laboratory tests carried out before, during, and after CWI, including gas porosity and permeability measurement, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), microcomputed tomography (micro-CT), and ion chromatography. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and petrographic thin-section observations were also performed. The experimental results showed that samples with high permeability showed a small decrease in permeability, possibly indicating formation damage, while low-permeability samples presented a significant increase in permeability with little change in porosity, indicating feasibility for carbon capture and storage (CCS) in similar samples in likewise experimental conditions (20°C and 500 psi). For samples with more pore volumes injected, the pressure stabilization seems to have favored dissolution in the later injection stages, indicated by the highest output of calcium ions. In all samples occurred salt precipitation during injection, especially in the more heterogeneous rocks, presenting a possible issue.

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