Summary

Fluid-replacement modeling (FRM) is a fundamental step in rock physics scenario modeling. The results help to conduct forward modeling for prediction of seismic signatures. Further, the analysis of the results improves the accuracy of quantitative interpretation and leads to an updated reservoir characterization. While modeling for different possible reservoir pore fluid scenarios, the quality of the results largely depends on the accuracy of the FRM. Gassmann (1951)fluid-replacement modeling (GFRM) is one of the widely adopted methods across the oil and gas industry. However, the Gassmann method assumes the reservoir as clean sandstone with connected pores. This causes Gassmann fluid-replacement results to overestimate the fluid effect in shaly sandstones. This study uses neutron and density logs to correct the overestimated results in shaly sandstone reservoirs. Due to the nature of these recordings, both of these log readings have close dependencies on the presence of shale. When the logs are plotted in a justified scale, the differences between the logs provide an accurate measurement of shaliness within the reservoir. The study has formulated a weight factor using the logs, which has further been used to scale the overestimated Gassmann-modeled fluid effect. The results of the revised method are independent of type of clay presence and associated effective porosity. Moreover, the corrected FRM results from the revised Gassmann method shows good agreement with rock physical interpretation of shaly sandstone reservoirs.

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