A review of the tidal response in petroleum reservoirs is given. Tidal response is caused by periodic changes in overburden stress induced by the ocean tide; the "tidal efficiency factor" is derived by two different approaches and is in line with a recent well test in the Ormen Lange gas field.
For small geomechanical pertubations like the tidal effect, we show that a simplified coupling of geomechanics and fluid flow is possible. The coupling is easy to implement in a standard reservoir simulator by introducing a porosity varying in phase with the tide. Simulations show very good agreement with the theory.
The observation of the tidal response in petroleum reservoirs is an independent information provider [i.e., it provides information in addition to the (average) pressure and its derivative from a well test]. The implementation of the tidal effect in a normal reservoir simulator gives us the opportunity to study complex multiphase situations and to evaluate the potential of the tidal response as a reservoir-surveillance method. The case studies presented here focus on the possibility of observing water in the near-well region of a gas well.