This paper highlights the difference between foam injection for gas blocking in production well and injection well and emphasizes the use of polymer enhanced foam. Moreover, this paper shows systematic experimental methods for choosing suitable foam systems for gas blocking in production well considering different factors, which provides a guide regarding what kinds of foaming agents and polymer stabilizers should be used and how to evaluate them for designing a pilot application. The target in this work is the Vostochno-Messoyakhskoye field, operated by Gazpromneft, which is currently experiencing gas channeling from the gas cap in production wells because of strong heterogeneity. Foam has long been considered as a good candidate for gas blocking. However, foam injection for gas blocking in production wells is different from that in injection wells, which requires a long-term impact on gas-saturated highly permeable areas without significantly affecting the phase permeability of oil in the reservoir. Therefore, for gas blocking in production well, a long half-life time of foam is required to sustain stable foam because a continuous shear of surfactant solution/gas cannot be achieved as in injection wells. Thus, reinforced foam by polymer (polymer-foam) is chosen. Four polyacrylamide polymer stabilizers and five anionic surfactants were evaluated using bulk test to determine foaming ability, foam stability, and effect of oil by comparing foam rate and half-life time to determine the suitable foam system with optimal concentrations of reagents. Furthermore, filtration experiments were conducted at reservoir conditions to determine the optimal injection mode by evaluating apparent viscosity, breakthrough pressure gradient, resistance factor, and residual resistance factor. Polymer can significantly improve half-life time (increase foam stability), and the higher the polymer concentration, the longer the half-life time. But simultaneously, a high polymer concentration will increase the initial viscosity of the solution, which not only decreases the foam rate but also increases difficulties in injection. Therefore, an optimal polymer concentration of about 0.15–0.2 wt% is determined considering all these influences. Filtration experiments showed that the apparent viscosity in the core first increased and then decreased with foam quality (the volumetric ratio of gas to total liquid/gas flow). The optimal injection mode is coinjection of surfactant/polymer solution and gas to in-situ generate foam at the optimal foam quality of about 0.65. Filtration experiments on the different permeability cores showed that the gas-blocking ability of polymer-foam is better in high-permeability cores, which is beneficial for blocking high-permeability zone. It should also be noted that under a certain ratio of oil-to-foam solution (about lower than 1 to 1), the presence of high-viscosity crude oil slowly decreased the foam rate with increasing oil volume, but significantly increased the half-life time (i.e., foam stability which is favorable for foam treatment in production well).

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