Hydraulic fracturing is critical for extracting shale gas in the subsurface. The treatment technique of multistage hydraulic fracturing is widely used to maximize production. In multistage hydraulic fracturing, not all pumping stages make the same contribution for production, although the designed stimulation process is almost same in every pumping stage. In this study, we characterize the microseismic responses of hydraulic fracturing. Significant variations of microseismic characteristics are observed among the different pumping stages. Pre-existing natural fractures are examined along the horizontal well in selected stages. Combined with the Mohr’s circle analysis, results of the fracture study show that induced hydraulic fractures can be captured by pre-existing natural fractures. Induced hydraulic fractures are simulated by the unconventional fracture model (UFM), and the result reveals that the stress-shadow effect diverts the direction of hydraulic fractures. The diverted hydraulic fracture affects the development of the hydraulic fracture network, which has influence on production. The treatment of two-step pumping is investigated by application of hydraulic diffusivity. Hydraulic fracturing performance and production could be optimized by the treatment of two-step pumping in a single stage. The second pumping creates new fractures and fills the fractures with additional proppants to maintain production for a long duration.

You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.