Millions of U.S. workers are at risk for a work-related motor vehicle crash. Fatality data show that across all industries, motor vehicle crashes are consistently the leading cause of work-related fatalities. Of 43,025 work-related fatalities reported by BLS between 2003 and 2010, 10,202 were the result of single- or multiple-vehicle crashes of workers driving or riding in a vehicle on a public roadway, and 2,707 were pedestrian workers struck by a motor vehicle. During the same period, an additional 2,487 workers died in crashes that occurred off a public roadway or on industrial premises (BLS, 2013).

An analysis of the costs of motor vehicle crashes to U.S. employers using data from 1998 to 2000 found that on average each fatality cost a business more than $500,000 in direct and liability costs, and that each nonfatal injury costs nearly $74,000 (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2003). More recently, workers' compensation costs for motor vehicle crash-related in-juries requiring more than 6 days away from work were estimated to be nearly $2 billion (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 2012).

The risk of work-related motor vehicle crashes cuts across all industries and occupations. Between 2003 and 2008, workers employed by truck transportation companies had the highest risk of work-related fatality due to vehicle crashes while driving or riding in a motor vehicle on a public road-way(19.6 deaths per 100,000 workers), followed by logging (11.7), wholesale distribution of petroleum products (8.6), waste management services (8.5) and support activities for mining (7.9) (CDC, 2011). Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers ac-count for the highest proportion of fatalities in any single occupation: 39% of the total for 2003 to 2010 (BLS, 2013).

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