Data from Washington State DOT show that from 2001 to 2005, an average of 126,000 collisions occurred each year on the state's roadways. In those collisions, an average of 3,050 people suffered disabling injuries, and an average of 628 people died. For the same period, on average, 38% of traffic deaths occurred in speed-related crashes and 47% occurred in impairment-related crashes. In this case, an impaired driver has a blood alcohol content of 0.08 or greater and/or a positive result on a drug test.

In Washington, the Washington State Patrol, Washington Traffic Safety Commission and the state's DOT have partnered to initiate Target Zero. This strategic highway safety plan targets five basic issues: driver and occupant behaviors, other special users, roadways, emergency medical services and traffic information systems.

Most states have similar initiatives. For ex-ample, California's Office of Traffic Safety lists eight priority areas including alcohol and other drugs, occupant protection, pedestrian and bicycle safety, traffic records, emergency medical services, roadway safety, police traffic services and motor-cycle safety. New York's Highway Safety Strategic Plan lists these priorities: impaired driving, police traffic services, motorcycle safety, pedestrian, bicycle and wheel-sport safety, occupant protection, traffic records and community traffic safety programs.

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